Infectious encephalitis

Infectious encephalitis

Viruses are the most common cause of infectious encephalitis.

  • human herpes viruses: herpes simplex type I, herpes simplex type II, varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus
  • rash-causing viruses: mumps, measles, rubella
  • throat and chest viruses: flu, enteroviruses
  • gut viruses: enteroviruses, echo virus
  • insect-borne viruses: Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus
  • tick-borne viruses: tick-borne encephalitis virus

Bacteria, fungus and parasites can cause infectious encephalitis more rarely:

  • bacteria: mycoplasma, meningococcal, pneumococcal, listeria
  • fungi: histoplasma, cryptococcus, candida
  • parasites: malaria, toxoplasma

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Page Created: 15 November 2023
Last Modified: 16 February 2024
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