Diagnosing and managing the after-effects of acquired brain injury (ABI) in adults including encephalitis. A guide for general practitioners

Due to the nature of their role, GPs are often the first port of call for many people with a brain injury and are an important ally in their journey to recovery.  The role of the GP has changed considerably over the years. These days GPs are under a lot of pressure due to financial limitations, changes in demographics, patient expectations, an aging population and the requirement to keep up to speed with new technologies and recent medical advances.

Nevertheless it is important for GPs to maintain an extensive knowledge of medical conditions in order to be able to assess cases and decide the best next stage or care pathway.

In developing this Guide we hope we can support GPs by providing evidence-based and up-to-date information to help with recognising and managing the acute symptoms and after-effects of ABI. We also cover the unique challenges inherent in diagnosing encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and managing associated consequences.

The information included here is aimed primarily at GPs but may be of interest to other healthcare professionals, particularly those in primary care and professions allied to medicine. This Guide has been developed after consultation with a range of patients, their families and the doctors, nurses and therapists who form our Scientific Advisory Panel.

Key Messages

  • ABI is not a singular diagnosis and presentations can be complex.
  • Early recognition of signs and symptoms of brain injury is important as this potentially limits the extent of injury to the brain and enhances the chances of survival.
  • Early referral to appropriate services for managing the after-effects of ABI enhances recovery.
  • ABI affects not only the patient but also family members, friends, carers, and their wider communities.

The guide has been endorsed by 

Request a copy of the Guide for General Practitioners from our office on +44 (0) 1653 692583 or [email protected]


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