Amoebic meningoencephalitis

Amoebas are single-celled organisms usually found in water, wet soil, rotting vegetation, animals and humans. Although most types are harmless, a few of them such as Acanthamoeba spp., Balamuthia mandrillaris, Naegleria fowleri can produce life-threatening diseases. Read more

Enterovirus encephalitis

Enteroviruses are viruses that cause common infections experienced by all age groups, particularly young children. Most infections cause no symptoms or short lived febrile illnesses, from which people fully recover. However on occasions enteroviruses can inflame the brain or spinal cord causing encephalitis and myelitis. Read more

Herpes Simplex virus encephalitis

Herpes simplex encephalitis is a type of infectious encephalitis which happens when herpes simplex virus (HSV) enters the brain. Usually, it begins with ‘flu-like’ symptoms followed by neurological deterioration, which may include personality and behavioural changes, seizures, weakness and difficulties in communication. Read more

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is an infectious encephalitis caused by Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes, called ‘Culex’ mosquitoes. Read more

Measles infection and encephalitis

Measles causes encephalitis in children with measles infection. Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is a very effective way to prevent against these diseases. Read more


Rabies is a severe viral infection of the brain and spinal cord that is transmitted by infected animals. Human rabies is a disease with almost 100% fatal outcome (death) usually after seven to ten days from the start of the symptoms. Read more

Rabies encephalitis

Rabies is a severe acute viral infection of the central nervous system (CNS) that is transmitted by biting animals. Human rabies is a disease with almost 100% fatal outcome (death). Read more

Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a type of infectious encephalitis that is caused by a virus spread by ticks. People get infected following a tick bite from on infected tick. Read more

West Nile encephalitis

West Nile encephalitis is a type of infectious encephalitis caused by West Nile virus. People usually become infected after being bitten by a mosquito, which has fed on an infected bird. Read more

Zika virus infection

Zika virus is transmitted primarily through the bite of infected Aedes species mosquitoes which tend to bite mainly during the day. Read more